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All Praise to Allah, who has blessed us with the final Rasul, Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) who brought a complete Deen upon which the Sahabah (Radhiallahu-anhu) acted and obtained success in every field.

This leaflet is a summary of a booklet which was compiled under auspicious guidance of
Sheikhul Hadith Hadhrat Moulana Fazlur Rehman of Darul Uloom, Azaadville,
May Allah grant him long life.

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MAHARAAM AND ASHURA

From time to time many booklets and phamplets are published wherein some baseless
"facts" appear. Thus it is imperative that full references be furnished in all publications. It is in this light that this pamphlet on Muharram has been compiled with quotations from authentic sources only.

THE SACRED MONTHS

From among the months of the Islaamic year, the "Ashurul Hurum" (Sacred Months) enjoy a greater significance. Hafiz Ibn Katheer (Radhiallahu-anhu) has quoted the saying of Hadhrat Qatadah (Radhiallahu-anhu) in his famous tafseer. He writes:

"Allah Ta'aala has indeed distinguished some of His Creation from among man and Jinn, He has chosen Messengers. He has granted special virtue to His remembrance (Zikr) over all speech and talk. From the land He has chosen the Masaajid. He distinguished the Day of Jumu'ah (Friday) from amongst the days and Laitatul Qadr (the Night of Power) from amongst the nights. Therefore respect
what Allah Ta'aala has honoured for verily to honour things due to the virtue which Allah Ta'aala bestowed upon them is among the traits of the intelligent". [Tafseer Ibn Khateer, vol 2 pg 369].

The sanctity of the "Ashurul Hurum" has been mentioned by Allah Ta'aala Himself in
the Qur'aan-e-Kareem. Allah Ta'aala says:

"Lo! The number of the months with Allah is twelve months by Allah's ordinance on the day that He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred: that is the right Deen. So wrong
not yourselves in them". [Surah Tauba, verse 36].

The sanctity of these four months was observed in the Shari'ah of all the Ambiyaa. Hence all preached to their followers that any act of obedience and virtue in these months earn an increased reward. Likewise any transgression or disobedience perpetrated in these months is more severe and the sin is multiplied. In the Shari'ah of various Ambiyaa, wars and fighting (even for just causes) too was forbidden.
[Extracted from Ma Ariful Qur'aan, vol 4, pg 370].

THE MONTH OF MUHARRAM

The Rasul of Allah Ta'aala has described the fasts of this month as the best fasts after the month of Ramadaan.

In a Hadith Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is reported to have said:

"The best of fasts besides the month of Ramadaan is the fasting of Allah's month of Muharram and the best of Salaats besides the Fardh (obligatory Salaat) is the Tahajjud Salaah (performed after
midnight)". [Suhih Muslim, vol 1, pg 368].

"He who fasts on the Day of Arafat, his fast will be a compensation for the sins of two years and the one that keeps a fast in the month of Muharram will receive a reward of thirty fasts for each fast (in the sacred month)". [At Targheeb Wat Tarheeb, vol 2, pg 114].

Source = Al Islam