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Deviated Sects And The Straight Path Of Islam

DEVIATED SECTS

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Hadrat Maulānā Muftī Muhammad Taqī ‛Uthmānī Sāhib
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله وكفى، وسلام على عباده الذين اصطفى

 


Various types of creeds and beliefs have proliferated in the present tribulation-filled era. In view of these conditions, the explanation of ما أنا عليه وأصحابي (the path on which I and my Companions are) as given by the vast majority of scholars is well-known by the name of: beliefs of the Ahl as-Sunnah wa al-Jamā‛ah. This book which was compiled under the supervision of Maulānā Muftī Muhammad Na‛īm Sāhib – principal and Shaykh al-Hadīth of Jāmi‛ah Binnaurīyyah Karachi – clarifies the beliefs of the Ahl as-Sunnah together with proofs from the Qur’ān and Sunnah, and in the light of the statements of the pious predecessors. It also refutes those views which do not conform to the vast majority of the Ahl as-Sunnah. Some of these views reach the level of kufr, others cannot be referred to as kufr but are certainly deviated, while others reach the level of extremism and therefore fall under the category of deviation.
The author explains all these views in detail together with references, and then presents the correct beliefs, views and injunctions of the Ahl as-Sunnah supported by proofs. Each of the issues discussed can be compiled into a complete book and this has already been done. However, the Maulānā’s achievement here is that he accumulated all those scattered discussions and presented them in a concise book.
Due to my many journeys and other occupations, I did not get an opportunity to derive benefit from the entire book but I did peruse through a considerable portion of it and found it extremely beneficial for the reader. I pray to Allāh ta‛ālā to make it useful and to make it a means to establish the truth and refute falsehood. May Allāh ta‛ālā reward the author with the best of rewards. Āmīn.
Muhammad Taqī ‛Uthmānī, may Allāh pardon him.
18 Rabī‛ al-Awwal 1430 A.H.

 


INTRODUCTION


In Allāh’s sight there is only one religion which is the means of salvation and it is Islam. Allāh ta‛ālā says in this regard:


وَمَنْ يَّبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْاِسْلَامِ دِيْنًا فَلَنْ يُّقْبَلَ مِنْهُ، وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخٰسِرِيْنَ.


Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam it will never be accepted from him. And he is doomed in the Hereafter.
Imām Tahāwī rahimahullāh writes:


دين الله في الأرض والسماء واحد وهو دين الإسلام، قال الله تعالى: ان الدين عند الله الاسلام.


The religion of Allāh ta‛ālā on earth and in the heavens is one; it is the religion of Islam. Allāh ta‛ālā says: The true religion in the sight of Allāh is Islam.
‛Allāmah Ibn Hazm rahimahullāh writes:


الإسلام دين واحد وكل دين سواه باطل.


Islam alone is the true religion. All other religions are false.
It is not possible to consider other religions apart from Islam to be correct and the means for salvation. Religion, creed and beliefs are man’s greatest assets for which he is prepared to sacrifice his life and wealth. Those who are on falsehood also believe their beliefs to be the means for salvation whereas the guide to the world Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam announced over 1 500 years ago:


ما أنا عليه وأصحابي


The path on which I and my Companions are.
In other words, as regards beliefs, only those who are on the path which I and my Companions trod can gain salvation. That is the straight path.
The issue of beliefs is a very delicate issue. It is established from the Qur’ān and Ahādīth that no matter how flagrant a sinner a person may be, as long as his beliefs are correct, Allāh ta‛ālā will admit him immediately or after punishing him into Paradise by virtue of His mercy. However, if his beliefs are not correct, there is no way of pardon for him.
If a person’s belief and creed shift away from the Sharī‛ah of Islam, and he spent his entire life in this way without establishing the facts, then he will experience nothing but failure in the Hereafter. The Qur’ān refers to such people as:


عَامِلَةٌ نَّاصِبَةٌ، تَصْلٰى نَارًا حَامِيَةً


Toiling, worn out. Falling into the blazing fire.
They are the ones whose entire life’s efforts and toiling will amount to nothing in the Hereafter.
Allāh ta‛ālā blessed man with a sound intellect and temperament through which he can ascertain the correct religion and embrace it. This book, Adyān Bātilāh Aur Sirāt Mustaqīm, has been written for such people – they are the ones who accept the truth the moment it is made clear to them.
Allāh ta‛ālā refers to these people as follows:


اَلَّذِيْنَ يَسْتَمِعُوْنَ الْقَوْلَ فَيَتَّبِعُوْنَ اَحْسَنَهُ


Who listen to all that is said and then follow the best of it.
The book before you has been written without going towards fanaticism, obstinacy and extremism; and has followed a course of moderation. It is not our intention to offend the followers of any particular creed. Rather, we desire their wellbeing so that each person can – with an open mind – decide the truth for himself. This book is written in a very simple style so that the most ordinary person may be able to benefit from it. Every point is explained with references so that it could aid scholars for further research. Six points are presented concisely about each creed:
1. The time when it came into existence.
2. The identity and life of its founder.
3. Its fundamental beliefs and views.
4. Answers from the Qur’ān, Hadīth and aqā’id books to those beliefs and views.
5. Views of the muftīs about the creed.
6. A list of books for those wanting to do additional research about the sect.
Finally, I pray to Allāh ta‛ālā to confer this book with acceptance in His court and make it a source of guidance for the entire world. Āmīn.


رَبَّنَا أَرِنَا الْحَقَّ حَقًّا وَارْزُقْنَا اتِّبَاعَهُ، وَأَرِنَا الْبَاطِلَ بَاطِلًا وَارْزُقْنَا اجْتِنَابَهُ. رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ السَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيْمُ. وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلٰى رَحْمَةٍ لِّلْعَالَمِيْنَ سَيِّدِنَا وَنَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّآلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِيْنَ.
وآخر دعوانا أن الحمد لله رب العالمين.