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updated 12:50 PM SAST, Jan 22, 2018
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Qurbaani Laws Made Easy - Part One

UPON WHOM IS QURBANI COMPULSARY?


#…..Qurbaani is compulsory upon every understanding, mature, resident Muslim male and female who owns nisaab or owns extra items (over and above their need) which equals the nisaab amount, i.e. they own an amount that equals the gold and silver nisaab amount, or they possess homes or properties besides the one they live in or they have extra household items that equal the nisaab amount or they have trading stock, shares etc. Then one share of Qurbaani is necessary for them to do.
#…..It is not a condition for a year to pass over the nisaab amount or the items that are over and above ones needs. It is also not a condition for the goods to be trading stock. If a person becomes the owner of it before sunset of the 12th of Dhul Hijjah, then Qurbaani is compulsory upon him/her.
#…..From the three days of Qurbaani, if a person becomes the owner of nisaab even on the last day, or he becomes the owner of goods that are over and above his needs, then Qurbaani becomes compulsory upon him.
#…..If a person has a home other than the one he lives in, whether it is for trade or not, or he has a flat besides the one he lives in, he has a vehicle other than what he needs, then this person is a saahib-e-nisaab with regards to Qurbaani. Qurbaani is compulsory upon him.
#…..If a person possesses trading stock – of any kind – that equals the nisaab amount, then Qurbaani becomes compulsory upon him.

QURBAANI IS WAAJIB (COMPULSARY)


Rasulullaah (SAW) stayed in Madinah Munawwarah for ten years after Hijrah. He performed Qurbaani every year with punctuality.
From this we learn that Qurbaani was not specific to Makkah Mu’azzamah, but it is compulsory upon the resident of every city that has the ability. Rasulullaah (SAW) used to emphasize it. It is for this reason that majority of the scholars say that it is waajib (compulsory).

ADHA
#….. Adha means Qurbaani. Youm-ul-Adha means the Day of Qurbaani.

SMALL ANIMALS
#….. By a small animal is meant a ram or ewe of a sheep or goat.

THE PERSON PASSES AWAY AFTER PURCHASING A QURBAANI ANIMAL
#….. If a person who is a Sahib-e-Nisaab (one upon whom Zakaat is obligatory) purchases an animal for Qurbaani and passes away during the days of Qurbaani, the animal will then form part of the estate of the deceased and all the heirs will have a due share in the animal in keeping with the Shariah. The heirs now have a choice either to sacrifice this animal as Qurbaani and thereby allow it to be a form of Esaal-E-Thawaab or they can share it in keeping with the division of the estate.
It should be noted that in the case of the heirs opting to sacrifice it for the sake of Esaal-e-Thawaab for the deceased, it is conditional for the heirs to all be matured. The permission of immature heirs is not reliable.

ONE IS UNABLE TO MAKE QURBAANI AFTER PURCHASING THE ANIMAL
#….. Qurbaani was Waajib on a person but all three days of Qurbaani pass without the person sacrificing an animal. He will then have to give in charity the value of a sheep or goat. If he had already purchased an animal for Qurbaani but was unable to slaughter for some reason, this living animal must be given away in Sadaqah. It the person sacrificed the animal after the days of Qurbaani had already passed due to ignorance of the rules, he will now have to distribute all the meat to the poor. Such meat cannot be given to a wealthy person.
If the animal is destroyed and the person is unable to make Qurbaani and such a person is wealthy, it will be Waajib for him to give the value of the animal in Sadaqah. 

A DOUBT OCCURRED DURING THE DAYS OF QURBAANIIf there is doubt with regards to the days of Qurbaani, then a person should not delay the Qurbaani until the third day. He should do the Qurbaani by the...
ANIMALS WITH CUT TAILS#….. Qurbaani of animals whose tails are cut off by more than a third is not valid. FAT TAILED RAM’S TAIL NOT TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION#….. Some sheep have fatty tails. If...
SKINA person has three types of choices as long as the skin is with him, (1) He can use it himself, (2) He can gift it to somebody, (3) He can give it in charity to the poor and needy.If a person...
TO GIVE THE MEAT OF QURBAANI IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHINGIt is not permissible to give the Qurbaani meat in exchange for something besides food, nor is it permissible to sell it or give it to the...
FOUR VEINS TO BE CUT The four veins should be cut at the times of slaughtering that are on the right and left of the windpipe. If three are cut, then too it is valid and it will be Halaal to consume...
GIVING WATER TO DRINK#….. It is Mustahab to give the Qurbaani animal water to drink before slaughtering it. STOLEN ANIMALS #….. A person purchases an animal for Qurbaani and later finds out that it...
PERMISSION Yes, if the practice in a certain place is such whereby a husband makes Qurbaani for his wife, if a father does so for his matured children and the wife and children are aware of this,...
TRIPE#….. It is permissible to eat tripe. SHINY PART OF TRIPE #….. The shiny part of tripe is Halaal without any abomination. TO EXCHANGE AND MAKE EACH OTHERS QURBAANI BY MISTAKE #….. Two people...
WARNINGS FOR NOT MAKING QURBAANIعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من كان له سعة ولم سضح فلا يقربن مصلانا Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah t narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “He who...
BECAME FAULTY #…..If a wealthy person that possesses nisaab bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani, then it became faulty, then it is necessary upon him to make Qurbaani of another animal that...
CHILD#….. Even if a child is wealthy and not mature, Qurbaani is still not Waajib on him due to which it is not necessary for a guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because for Qurbaani to...
AGE AND TEETH Generally, it is a custom to look at the teeth of the animal for Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal. In Shari’ah, consideration is given to age and calculated by examination. This...
THE BEST ANIMAL #….. A female goat is better than a sheep. #….. The Qurbaani of a ram is better than that of a ewe. #….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is more expensive is better and if the price...
UPON WHOM IS QURBANI COMPULSARY? #…..Qurbaani is compulsory upon every understanding, mature, resident Muslim male and female who owns nisaab or owns extra items (over and above their need) which...