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updated 12:50 PM SAST, Jan 22, 2018
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Qurbaani Laws Made Easy - Part Three

AGE AND TEETH
Generally, it is a custom to look at the teeth of the animal for Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal. In Shari’ah, consideration is given to age and calculated by examination. This has been discussed under ‘the ages of animals’.

AN ANIMAL THAT EATS FILTH
It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of an animal that eats dirt and filth until and unless it is tied (kept in a confined area). If the animal is tied for a few days and is fed fodder, and it is prevented from roaming freely so that it does not put dirt and filth in its mouth, then it will be valid to slaughter it for Qurbaani. If it is a camel, then it should be tied for forty days. If it is a cow or bull, then for twenty days and a goat should be kept confined and fed fodder for ten days.

It is Makruh (disliked) to take benefit
It is Makruh to take benefit from the Qurbaani animal. According to the authentic view, this ruling applies to the wealthy and the poor person.

THE QURBAANI ANIMAL
#…..It is not permissible to slaughter a horse, chicken, deer etc. because it is not proven from Rasulullaah (SAW) neither by action or word.

A WEAK ANIMAL
If an animal is so weak that there is no marrow left in its bones, then it is not valid to use it for Qurbaani. However, if it is not so weak and it can walk, then it will be valid to use it for Qurbaani.
#…..It is not valid to make Qurbaani of such a lean, weak animal in whose bones there is no marrow – to such an extent that it cannot walk to the place of slaughter.
#…..If the animal is not so lean, then there is no problem with it being lean, it will be permissible to use this animal for Qurbaani. It is however much better to make Qurbaani of a fat healthy animal.

LAME
#…..It is not valid to make Qurbaani of an animal that is so lame that it can only walk with three legs, it cannot put the fourth leg on the ground, or it can put the fourth leg on the ground but it cannot put its body weight on it.

If the animal places its fourth foot on the ground, and it takes support from it, but it limps, then Qurbaani of it is valid.
#…..It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of such an animal that is so lame that it cannot walk to the place of slaughter.

CHICKEN
It is not permissible to slaughter a chicken for Qurbaani. There is no verbal or practical proof for this from Rasulullaah (SAW).

WHITE ANTELOPE
It is not valid to make Qurbaani of a white antelope. The Qurbaani animals are specified by the Shari’ah. Analogy has no place in it. Only three types of animals are specified for Qurbaani. The first type is male and female Camel, the second is male and female goats, rams ewes, and the third type is cows, bulls, oxen and buffaloes. It is not permissible to slaughter any other type of animal. It is also conditional that the animals should not be wild but it should be tame and used to humans.

BUYING AN ANIMAL ON WEIGHT
It is permissible to sell an animal by weight where the animals are sold by weight because there is less deception in it and inexperienced people will be saved from loss.

QURBAANI OF A DEER
A deer is Halaal. It is permissible to eat of its meat, but it is from among the wild animals and it is not permissible to make Qurbaani of wild animals. For this reason, it is not permissible to make Qurbaani of a male or female deer. There is no difference if it is tamed or not.

THE SLAGHTERED ANIMAL OF A BLIND PERSON
It is not conditional for the slaughtered animal to be Halaal that the slaughterer should be someone who can see. The slaughtered animal of a blind Muslim is Halaal and it is permissible to eat the meat, although it is better to let a person who is not blind to slaughter so that he can see whether the slaughtering was done properly.

WASIYYAH (BEQUEST)
#…..If a person made a bequest that Qurbaani should be made from his wealth and passed away, then it is compulsory to give all the meat to the poor and needy. It is not permissible for the wealthy to eat of a Qurbaani animal that was made out of fulfilling a vow.

CASTRATING AN ANIMAL
#….. It is permissible to castrate an animal in order to improve its condition, to make it healthier or with the intention of any other benefit. If the process of castration is not for some beneficial purpose but merely for fun, it is Haraam to do so.
#…..If the children are immature, then Qurbaani is not compulsory upon them.

QURBAANI ON BEHALF OF MATURED CHIDLREN
#….. It is not the responsibility of a father to make Qurbaani on behalf of his matured children. If matured children are wealthy, they should make their own Qurbaani or give permission to the father to do so on their behalf. A father can make Qurbaani of matured children with their permission.

A DOUBT OCCURRED DURING THE DAYS OF QURBAANIIf there is doubt with regards to the days of Qurbaani, then a person should not delay the Qurbaani until the third day. He should do the Qurbaani by the...
ANIMALS WITH CUT TAILS#….. Qurbaani of animals whose tails are cut off by more than a third is not valid. FAT TAILED RAM’S TAIL NOT TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION#….. Some sheep have fatty tails. If...
SKINA person has three types of choices as long as the skin is with him, (1) He can use it himself, (2) He can gift it to somebody, (3) He can give it in charity to the poor and needy.If a person...
TO GIVE THE MEAT OF QURBAANI IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHINGIt is not permissible to give the Qurbaani meat in exchange for something besides food, nor is it permissible to sell it or give it to the...
FOUR VEINS TO BE CUT The four veins should be cut at the times of slaughtering that are on the right and left of the windpipe. If three are cut, then too it is valid and it will be Halaal to consume...
GIVING WATER TO DRINK#….. It is Mustahab to give the Qurbaani animal water to drink before slaughtering it. STOLEN ANIMALS #….. A person purchases an animal for Qurbaani and later finds out that it...
PERMISSION Yes, if the practice in a certain place is such whereby a husband makes Qurbaani for his wife, if a father does so for his matured children and the wife and children are aware of this,...
TRIPE#….. It is permissible to eat tripe. SHINY PART OF TRIPE #….. The shiny part of tripe is Halaal without any abomination. TO EXCHANGE AND MAKE EACH OTHERS QURBAANI BY MISTAKE #….. Two people...
WARNINGS FOR NOT MAKING QURBAANIعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من كان له سعة ولم سضح فلا يقربن مصلانا Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah t narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “He who...
BECAME FAULTY #…..If a wealthy person that possesses nisaab bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani, then it became faulty, then it is necessary upon him to make Qurbaani of another animal that...
CHILD#….. Even if a child is wealthy and not mature, Qurbaani is still not Waajib on him due to which it is not necessary for a guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because for Qurbaani to...
AGE AND TEETH Generally, it is a custom to look at the teeth of the animal for Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal. In Shari’ah, consideration is given to age and calculated by examination. This...
THE BEST ANIMAL #….. A female goat is better than a sheep. #….. The Qurbaani of a ram is better than that of a ewe. #….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is more expensive is better and if the price...
UPON WHOM IS QURBANI COMPULSARY? #…..Qurbaani is compulsory upon every understanding, mature, resident Muslim male and female who owns nisaab or owns extra items (over and above their need) which...