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updated 12:50 PM SAST, Jan 22, 2018
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Qurbaani Laws Made Easy - Part Four

CHILD
#….. Even if a child is wealthy and not mature, Qurbaani is still not Waajib on him due to which it is not necessary for a guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because for Qurbaani to become Waajib one has to be matured.

CHILDREN
#….. If children are at an age of understanding they can be taken to the Eidgah otherwise they must not be taken along.

AN ANIMAL BOUGHT ON CREDIT
#….. It is not valid to make Qurbaani with an animal bought on credit because it is the possession of someone else.
If they (those who are scheduled to receive money) make Qurbaani without the permission of the heirs, then it is not valid and none of the shareholders’ Qurbaani will be done.

SLAUGHTERING A COW
Slaughtering a cow is proven from the Qur’aan and Hadith. Seven people can form a partnership in a big animal.

DUAA
#….. On laying the animal down facing the Qiblah, it is better to recite this verse:
إنى وجهت وجهى للذى فطر السموت والأرض حنيفا وما أنا من المشركين ان صلاتى ونسكى ومحياى ومماتى لله رب العالمين
Just before slaughtering, recite this Duaa:
اللهم منك ولك
Then say: بسم الله الله اكبر and slaughter the animal. After slaughtering recite this Duaa:
اللهم تقبله منى كما اقبلت من حبيبك محمد وخليلك ابراهيم عليهما الصلاة والسلام
If one is slaughtering on behalf of someone else then instead of “منى” say فلان” mentioning the name of the person.

A SAHIB-E-NISAAB (ONE UPON WHOM ZAKAAT IS OBLIGATIRY) PASSES AWAY DURING THE DAYS OF QURBAANI
#…..Qurbaani was compulsory upon a person. However, he did not make the Qurbaani and before the days of Qurbaani could pass, he passed away. The Qurbaani falls off such a person. It would have not been compulsory for him to bequest nor is it necessary upon the heirs to make Qurbaani on his behalf.
#…..If a sahib-e-nisaab passes away during the days of Qurbaani and he did not perform the Qurbaani of that year, then the compulsion of Qurbaani falls off from him.

A PERSON IN DEBT PERFORMING QURBAANI
The person who is in debt should worry about fulfilling his debt. He should not perform Qurbaani. However, if he did perform Qurbaani, he will be rewarded.

EYES
#….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is blind, squint, or a third or more of its sight is lost is not permissible.
#….. It is permissible to make Qurbaani of an animal which has a glare in its sight.

EARS
#…..Qurbaani of an animal that was born without ears is not valid. If there are ears, but a third or more of it is cut, then it will not be permissible for Qurbaani.
#…..If the animal was born with ears but they are very small, then it is valid to use it for Qurbaani. [Shaami]
#…..It is permissible to slaughter an animal for Qurbaani whose ears are cut length wise or it is torn towards the face and is hanging, or it is cut from behind, although it is not better.

ONE EYED
It is not valid to slaughter an animal that is one-eyed.

FAT
#….. It is not permissible to sell the fat of a Qurbaani animal. If the person making Qurbaani or his agent sold the fat, it will be compulsory to give the proceeds as Sadaqah to someone who is eligible for receipt of Zakaat.
#….. When collective Qurbaani is made, a large amount of fat is gathered. The valid way to dispose of it is to sell it with the permission of all the shareholders and to donate the amount materialized towards the upkeep of poor students in a Madrasah or to make a deserving person the owner thereof.

A FAULT DEVELOPS WHILE WAITING TO SLAUGHTER
If a fault was made while preparing for slaughter, the leg broke or the eye became damaged, then there is no problem. The Qurbaani of such an animal is valid.

FAULTY ANIMALS
It is not permissible to slaughter faulty animals. However, if it has become faulty due to falling, jumping etc. at the time of slaughtering, then there is no problem. (It would be slaughtered.)

A DOUBT OCCURRED DURING THE DAYS OF QURBAANIIf there is doubt with regards to the days of Qurbaani, then a person should not delay the Qurbaani until the third day. He should do the Qurbaani by the...
ANIMALS WITH CUT TAILS#….. Qurbaani of animals whose tails are cut off by more than a third is not valid. FAT TAILED RAM’S TAIL NOT TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION#….. Some sheep have fatty tails. If...
SKINA person has three types of choices as long as the skin is with him, (1) He can use it himself, (2) He can gift it to somebody, (3) He can give it in charity to the poor and needy.If a person...
TO GIVE THE MEAT OF QURBAANI IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHINGIt is not permissible to give the Qurbaani meat in exchange for something besides food, nor is it permissible to sell it or give it to the...
FOUR VEINS TO BE CUT The four veins should be cut at the times of slaughtering that are on the right and left of the windpipe. If three are cut, then too it is valid and it will be Halaal to consume...
GIVING WATER TO DRINK#….. It is Mustahab to give the Qurbaani animal water to drink before slaughtering it. STOLEN ANIMALS #….. A person purchases an animal for Qurbaani and later finds out that it...
PERMISSION Yes, if the practice in a certain place is such whereby a husband makes Qurbaani for his wife, if a father does so for his matured children and the wife and children are aware of this,...
TRIPE#….. It is permissible to eat tripe. SHINY PART OF TRIPE #….. The shiny part of tripe is Halaal without any abomination. TO EXCHANGE AND MAKE EACH OTHERS QURBAANI BY MISTAKE #….. Two people...
WARNINGS FOR NOT MAKING QURBAANIعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من كان له سعة ولم سضح فلا يقربن مصلانا Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah t narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “He who...
BECAME FAULTY #…..If a wealthy person that possesses nisaab bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani, then it became faulty, then it is necessary upon him to make Qurbaani of another animal that...
CHILD#….. Even if a child is wealthy and not mature, Qurbaani is still not Waajib on him due to which it is not necessary for a guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because for Qurbaani to...
AGE AND TEETH Generally, it is a custom to look at the teeth of the animal for Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal. In Shari’ah, consideration is given to age and calculated by examination. This...
THE BEST ANIMAL #….. A female goat is better than a sheep. #….. The Qurbaani of a ram is better than that of a ewe. #….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is more expensive is better and if the price...
UPON WHOM IS QURBANI COMPULSARY? #…..Qurbaani is compulsory upon every understanding, mature, resident Muslim male and female who owns nisaab or owns extra items (over and above their need) which...