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updated 12:50 PM SAST, Jan 22, 2018
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Qurbaani Laws Made Easy - Part Six

WARNINGS FOR NOT MAKING QURBAANI
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من كان له سعة ولم سضح فلا يقربن مصلانا
Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah
t narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “He who does not make Qurbaani despite having the capacity should not come close to our Musallah.”

PREVIOUS SINS FORGIVEN
It is narrated from Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri
t that Rasulullaah (SAW) said to Hadhrat Faatima radiyallaahu anha, “Faatima, stand and stay by your Qurbaani animal (and see it being slaughtered) because your previous sins are forgiven with the first drop of blood that falls on the ground.”
Hadhrat Faatima radiyallaahu anha asked, “O Rasul of Allaah, is this virtue special with us (the family of Rasulullaah (SAW)) or are we and all the Muslims deserving of this reward?” Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “It is for us and for all the Muslims.” [At Targhib wat Tarheeb vol.2 p.393]

HORSE
It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of a horse. It is not proven verbally or practically from Rasulullaah (SAW).

CLOTHING
Men and women should wear their best clothes on the day of Eid, whether new or used. It is better for men to wear white. It is permissible to wear clothing of other colours. Red and yellow clothing is Makruh for men.

IS CHARITY OR QURBAANI MORE VIRTUOUS FOR THE DECEASED?
It is more virtuous to make Qurbaani on behalf of the deceased for Isaal e Thawaab than it is to give charity during the days of Qurbaani. It is more virtuous to send the reward to the deceased because only wealth is utilized in charity and in Qurbaani, together with wealth, a person sacrifices a lot. That is why it is more virtuous to make Qurbaani.

ITCHING ANIMAL
#….. It is in order to make Qurbaani of an animal that itches but if due to this the animal has become completely weak or if the itch proceeds from the skin and effects the meat, Qurbaani of such an animal will not be valid.

THE INTENTION OF QURBAANI
It is sufficient to make the intention of Qurbaani in the heart. It is not necessary to say it verbally. However, it is necessary to say بسم الله الله اكبر at the time of slaughtering.

IMPRISONMENT
#…..If a prisoner is a resident, he possesses nisaab, then it will be compulsory upon him to slaughter an animal during the days of Qurbaani. He should do it in the jail or he should tell someone outside the jail. He should do it anywhere out of the jail. In any case, it is necessary for him to do Qurbaani.
#…..If a prisoner is imprisoned in another country or he is imprisoned in his country but at a distance of safr (77Km) and he is the owner of nisaab, then Qurbaani will not be compulsory upon him.

THE SLAUGHTERED ANIMAL OF AN IMMATURE CHILD
An immature child can slaughter an animal. If he said بسم الله الله اكبر and slaughtered then it is permissible and it is Halaal to eat the meat.

NIYYAH
#…..It is necessary to make the intention of Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal or at the time of slaughtering the animal, otherwise the Qurbaani will not be valid.
#…..If a person bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani but at the time of slaughtering, he did not have this in mind. The Qurbaani will be valid.

KNIFE
#….. The knife used to slaughter an animal for Qurbaani must be sharp so that the animal is subject to the least amount of suffering. The knife should not be sharpened in front of any animals.

KAAFIR
If a Kaafir accepts Islaam during the days of Qurbaani, in fact, even before sunset of the 12th, and he is wealthy and possesses nisaab, then one share of Qurbaani is compulsory upon him if the time of Qurbaani is remaining, otherwise it will be necessary for him to give the value of a medium sized goat in charity if the time has already passed.
TAKING A LOAN AND MAKING QURBAANI
If Qurbaani is compulsory and a person does not have cash, then it will be necessary for him to take a loan and make Qurbaani. If Qurbaani is not compulsory, then it is not better to take a loan. If he does the Qurbaani, it will be permissible and he will get the reward and it will be necessary to fulfill his loan.

BUYING AN ANIMAL ON LOAN
It is permissible to make Qurbaani with money taken on loan. However, it is impermissible and Haraam to take a loan on interest.

BEING MATURE
#….. If a person becomes mature before sunset of the 10th -11th or 12th of Zil Hijjah and he is wealthy, one share in a Qurbaani will become Waajib on him.

DISTRIBUTING MEAT BY ESTIMATION FOR SHARE-HOLDERS
#….. It is not permissible to distribute Qurbaani meat by estimation. It is necessary to weigh equally when giving. If there is an excess or shortage of meat when giving the different shareholders their shares, it will amount to interest and the taking, giving and eating of interest is Haraam.

A DOUBT OCCURRED DURING THE DAYS OF QURBAANIIf there is doubt with regards to the days of Qurbaani, then a person should not delay the Qurbaani until the third day. He should do the Qurbaani by the...
ANIMALS WITH CUT TAILS#….. Qurbaani of animals whose tails are cut off by more than a third is not valid. FAT TAILED RAM’S TAIL NOT TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION#….. Some sheep have fatty tails. If...
SKINA person has three types of choices as long as the skin is with him, (1) He can use it himself, (2) He can gift it to somebody, (3) He can give it in charity to the poor and needy.If a person...
TO GIVE THE MEAT OF QURBAANI IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHINGIt is not permissible to give the Qurbaani meat in exchange for something besides food, nor is it permissible to sell it or give it to the...
FOUR VEINS TO BE CUT The four veins should be cut at the times of slaughtering that are on the right and left of the windpipe. If three are cut, then too it is valid and it will be Halaal to consume...
GIVING WATER TO DRINK#….. It is Mustahab to give the Qurbaani animal water to drink before slaughtering it. STOLEN ANIMALS #….. A person purchases an animal for Qurbaani and later finds out that it...
PERMISSION Yes, if the practice in a certain place is such whereby a husband makes Qurbaani for his wife, if a father does so for his matured children and the wife and children are aware of this,...
TRIPE#….. It is permissible to eat tripe. SHINY PART OF TRIPE #….. The shiny part of tripe is Halaal without any abomination. TO EXCHANGE AND MAKE EACH OTHERS QURBAANI BY MISTAKE #….. Two people...
WARNINGS FOR NOT MAKING QURBAANIعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من كان له سعة ولم سضح فلا يقربن مصلانا Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah t narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “He who...
BECAME FAULTY #…..If a wealthy person that possesses nisaab bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani, then it became faulty, then it is necessary upon him to make Qurbaani of another animal that...
CHILD#….. Even if a child is wealthy and not mature, Qurbaani is still not Waajib on him due to which it is not necessary for a guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because for Qurbaani to...
AGE AND TEETH Generally, it is a custom to look at the teeth of the animal for Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal. In Shari’ah, consideration is given to age and calculated by examination. This...
THE BEST ANIMAL #….. A female goat is better than a sheep. #….. The Qurbaani of a ram is better than that of a ewe. #….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is more expensive is better and if the price...
UPON WHOM IS QURBANI COMPULSARY? #…..Qurbaani is compulsory upon every understanding, mature, resident Muslim male and female who owns nisaab or owns extra items (over and above their need) which...