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updated 12:50 PM SAST, Jan 22, 2018
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Qurbaani Laws Made Easy - Part Ten

GIVING WATER TO DRINK
#….. It is Mustahab to give the Qurbaani animal water to drink before slaughtering it.

STOLEN ANIMALS
#….. A person purchases an animal for Qurbaani and later finds out that it was a stolen. If the person bought it from the person who had stolen it, Qurbaani will not be permissible. It will be necessary to buy another animal and make Qurbaani.
#….. If after the animal is slaughtered, the actual owner gives permission, it will in order to eat the meat, otherwise not.

QUBAANI ON BEHALF OF ANOTHER PERSON
#….. It is necessary to take permission from a person when performing his Waajib Qurbaani otherwise, that person’s Waajib Qurbaani will not be fulfilled.
#….. If this practice or custom is not found in an area, it will not be valid to make Qurbaani on their behalf without their permission. If this is done, their Qurbaani will not be fulfilled.
#….. Permission to make Nafl Qurbaani on behalf of someone else is not necessary.
#….. It is permissible to make Nafl Qurbaani on behalf of both living and dead people because the owner of the Nafl Qurbaani is the one who is slaughtering it while the person on behalf of whom it is being made merely receives the reward thereof.

SLAUGHTERING WITH ONE’S OWN HANDS
#….. It is better to slaughter one’s Qurbaani animal with one’s own hands. If one does not know how to slaughter, one can get it done by someone else but it is better to remain standing before the animal at the time of it being slaughtered. And one should also make Talqeen of “بسم الله ألله أكبر” so that the one slaughtering does not make a mistake.

MASNOON METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING
Hadhrat Anas
t narrates that Rasulullaah r slaughtered two horned rams that were black and white in colour. He slaughtered them himself. He recited بسم الله الله أكبر at the time of slaughtering. I saw that he placed his foot in the animals side and he was saying بسم الله الله أكبر . [Bukhaari and Muslim]

IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO MENTION THE NAMES OF SHAREHOLDERS WHEN SLAUGHTERING
It is not necessary to take the name of every shareholder at the time of making Qurbaani. The person slaughtering should think of all the shareholders in his heart at the time of slaughter. There is also no problem if the objective of taking their names is to inform the shareholders.

THE OBJECTIVE OF SLAUGHTERING

The objective of slaughtering the Qurbaani animal is solely for the pleasure of Allaah
r and out of honor for Him. A person should slaughter with the thought of it being worship, he should not slaughter with the intention to eat or to show people.

WHERE TO PLACE THE KNIFE WHEN SLAUGHTERING
#…..The place of slaughter is below the protruding bone which is below the chin and above the spot where the chest begins. It is mentioned in Jami’ us Sagheer that the entire throat is a place of slaughter. It does not matter whether it is higher up, in the middle or lower down.
#…..If the animal was slaughtered at a spot above the chin, then it will not be Haraam.

THE SLAUGHTERER MUST BE A MUSLIM
If the slaughterer is a Muslim, then it does not matter whether the one who catches the animal is a polytheist or a Muslim. It is not compulsory upon the one catching the animal to say بسم الله الله اكبر . There is no benefit in saying if the one catching is a polytheist.
If a polytheist participates in the slaughtering, then the animal will not be Halaal and it will not be permissible to consume the meat and the Qurbaani will not be valid. For this reason, one should not let a non believer or polytheist participate in the Qurbaani. The polytheist should not be given a chance to push the hand of the Muslim while slaughtering, nor should he give his hand in support while stroking the knife. If there is a need for help, then he should only hold the animal.

THE DIRECTION THE SLAUGHTERER FACES
It is Sunnah for the slaughterer to face the Qiblah. It is Makruh to leave it out for no reason.

CONDITIONS FOR SLAUGHTERING
#…..The slaughterer should be a Muslim or a person from the people of the book.
#…..The name of Allaah I should be taken at the time of slaughtering.
#…..The food pipe, wind pipe and veins should be cut in accordance to the Shari’ah.
Note: These are the conditions for Ikhtiyaari slaughter. The conditions for Idtiraari slaughter are different.

HOW SHOULD THE ANIMAL BE MADE TO LAY DOWN WHEN SLAUGHTERING
#…..It is Mustahab to lay the animal down on its right side, facing the Qibla. A person should place his foot upon it and slaughter.

SLAUGHTERING AT NIGHT
It is permissible to slaughter the Qurbaani animal during the nights from the 10th of Dhul Hijjah to the 12th of Dhul Hijjah just as it is permissible to slaughter during the day. In today’s time, there is probably electricity found everywhere. There is so much light that no doubt can remain with regards to any vein being cut.

SLAUGHTERING AN ANIMAL WITH A TUMOR
It is permissible to slaughter an animal that has a tumor.

A DOUBT OCCURRED DURING THE DAYS OF QURBAANIIf there is doubt with regards to the days of Qurbaani, then a person should not delay the Qurbaani until the third day. He should do the Qurbaani by the...
ANIMALS WITH CUT TAILS#….. Qurbaani of animals whose tails are cut off by more than a third is not valid. FAT TAILED RAM’S TAIL NOT TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION#….. Some sheep have fatty tails. If...
SKINA person has three types of choices as long as the skin is with him, (1) He can use it himself, (2) He can gift it to somebody, (3) He can give it in charity to the poor and needy.If a person...
TO GIVE THE MEAT OF QURBAANI IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHINGIt is not permissible to give the Qurbaani meat in exchange for something besides food, nor is it permissible to sell it or give it to the...
FOUR VEINS TO BE CUT The four veins should be cut at the times of slaughtering that are on the right and left of the windpipe. If three are cut, then too it is valid and it will be Halaal to consume...
GIVING WATER TO DRINK#….. It is Mustahab to give the Qurbaani animal water to drink before slaughtering it. STOLEN ANIMALS #….. A person purchases an animal for Qurbaani and later finds out that it...
PERMISSION Yes, if the practice in a certain place is such whereby a husband makes Qurbaani for his wife, if a father does so for his matured children and the wife and children are aware of this,...
TRIPE#….. It is permissible to eat tripe. SHINY PART OF TRIPE #….. The shiny part of tripe is Halaal without any abomination. TO EXCHANGE AND MAKE EACH OTHERS QURBAANI BY MISTAKE #….. Two people...
WARNINGS FOR NOT MAKING QURBAANIعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من كان له سعة ولم سضح فلا يقربن مصلانا Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah t narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “He who...
BECAME FAULTY #…..If a wealthy person that possesses nisaab bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani, then it became faulty, then it is necessary upon him to make Qurbaani of another animal that...
CHILD#….. Even if a child is wealthy and not mature, Qurbaani is still not Waajib on him due to which it is not necessary for a guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because for Qurbaani to...
AGE AND TEETH Generally, it is a custom to look at the teeth of the animal for Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal. In Shari’ah, consideration is given to age and calculated by examination. This...
THE BEST ANIMAL #….. A female goat is better than a sheep. #….. The Qurbaani of a ram is better than that of a ewe. #….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is more expensive is better and if the price...
UPON WHOM IS QURBANI COMPULSARY? #…..Qurbaani is compulsory upon every understanding, mature, resident Muslim male and female who owns nisaab or owns extra items (over and above their need) which...